Singapore has climbed one rung from fifth place last year to become the fourth most expensive city in the world for expatriates, according to a report by research firm Mercer.
Singapore is also the second-priciest city in the Asia Pacific region, beaten only by Hong Kong, Mercer found in its annual cost of living survey.
The most expensive city for expatriates was Luanda in Angola, which is in southern Africa, for the second year in a row.
That was followed by N’Djamena in Chad, which is a landlocked country in central Africa. Hong Kong came in third.